Indigenous people have lived in coastal Southern California for over 10,000 years, and several successive cultures have inhabited the present-day area of Long Beach.
By the 16th-century arrival of Spanish explorers, the dominant group were the Tongva people.
In 1880, Bixby sold 4,000 acres (16 km) of the Rancho Los Cerritos to William E. In addition to bringing innovative farming methods to the Alamitos (which under Abel Stearns in the late 1850s and early 1860s was once the largest cattle ranch in the US), J. Bixby began the development of the oceanfront property near the city's picturesque bluffs. This area would include Belmont Heights, Belmont Shore and Naples; it soon became a thriving community of its own. Gradually the oil industry, Navy shipyard and facilities and port became the mainstays of the city.
Temple created a thriving cattle ranch and prospered, becoming the wealthiest man in Los Angeles County.
Both Temple and his ranch house played important local roles in the Mexican–American War.
Images from top, left to right: Long Beach skyline from Bluff Park, RMS Queen Mary, Aquarium of the Pacific Blue Cavern exhibit, TTI Terminal at Port of Long Beach, Villa Riviera, Metro Blue Line, Long Beach Lighthouse Long Beach is the 36th most populous city in the United States and the 6th most populous in California.
It is located on the Pacific Coast of the United States, within the Greater Los Angeles area of Southern California. Long Beach is the second largest city in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, and the third largest in Southern California behind Los Angeles and San Diego.
The M6.4 1933 Long Beach earthquake caused significant damage to the city and surrounding areas, killing a total of 120 people.