Some also achieved standing in the Dutch communities, becoming important interpreters and negotiators among the differing cultures.
It is located on the north end of the navigable Hudson River, was the original eastern terminus of the Erie Canal, and was home to some of the earliest railroad systems in the world.
Albany's main exports at the time were beer, lumber, published works, and ironworks.
Beginning in 1810, Albany was one of the ten most populous cities in the nation, a distinction that it held until the 1860 census.
In the 20th century, the city opened one of the first commercial airports in the world, the precursor of today's Albany International Airport.
Modern Albany was founded as the Dutch trading posts of Fort Nassau in 1614 and Fort Orange in 1624; the fur trade brought in a population that settled around Fort Orange and founded a village called Beverwijck.