The archaeological record is a term used in archaeology to denote the physical remains of past human activities which archaeologists seek out and record in an attempt to analyise and reconstruct the past. In archaeology once the archaeological record of given site has been excavated, or collected from surface surveys, it is necessary to gain as much data as possible and organize it into a coherent body of information. The growth rings of an unknown tree species, at Bristol Zoo, England Pinus taeda Cross section showing annual rings, Cheraw, South Carolina Pine stump showing growth rings Dendrochronology or tree-ring dating is the method of scientific dating based on the analysis of tree-ring growth patterns. Thermoluminescence (TL) dating is the determination by means of measuring the accumulated radiation dose of the time elapsed since material containing crystalline minerals was either heated (lava, ceramics) or exposed to sunlight (sediments). Odessa Numismatics Museum is the first Ukrainian historical museum of new type whose tasks became studying the history of coinage and money circulation of the Ukrainian state and also preservation and demonstration the major historical relics belonging to ancient history and culture of the Northern Black Sea Region and Rus...
Relative or indirect methods tend to use associations built from the archaeological body of knowledge. Ultimately, relative dating relies on tying into absolute dating with reference to the present.
For example the date of formation of a context which is totally sealed between two datable layers will fall between the dates of the two layers sealing it.
However the date of contexts often fall in a range of possibilities so using them to date others is not a straightforward process.
However the date of contexts often fall in a range of possibilities so using them to date others is not a straightforward process. Here we can see 12 contexts, each numbered with a unique context number and whose sequence is represented in the in "fig B".# A horizontal layer# Masonry wall remnant# Backfill of the wall construction trench (sometimes called construction cut)# A horizontal layer, probably the same as 1# Construction cut for wall 2# A clay floor abutting wall 2# Fill of shallow cut 8# Shallow pit cut# A horizontal layer# A horizontal layer, probably the same as 9# Natural sterile ground formed before human occupation of the site# Trample in the base of cut 5 formed by workmen's boots constructing the structure wall 2 and floor 6 is associated with.