Other terms for French Canadians who continue to reside in the province of Quebec, are Quebecers or Québécois.The other major group of French Canadians are the Acadians (Acadiens) who reside in the Maritime Provinces.
French Canadians (including those who are no longer French-speaking) constitute the second largest ethnic group in Canada, behind the English Canadians, and ahead of Scottish Canadians and Irish Canadians, although there is a divide between those identifying as French Canadians and those simply identifying as French.
In total, those who identify as French Canadian, French, Québécois and Acadian number up to 11.9 million people or comprising 33.78% of the Canadian population.
Lawrence River, divided in three districts (Québec, Trois-Rivières, and Montréal), as well as to the Pays d'en Haut (Upper Countries), a vast and thinly settled territorial dependence north and west of Montreal which covered the whole of the Great Lakes area.
From 1535 to the 1690s, the French word Canadien had referred to the First Nations the French had encountered in the St. found that French-speaking Canadians identified their ethnicity most often as French, French Canadians, Québécois, and Acadian.
This group's culture and history evolved separately from the French Canadian culture of Quebec, at a time when the Maritime Provinces were not part of what was referred to as Canada, and are consequently considered a distinct culture from French Canadians.