The first decade of this century brought many changes.
Federation occurred in 1901 and Australia became a nation.
Issues of all kinds came to the fore -- a referendum was held over whether to dam the Franklin River, peace rallies were well attended during the early part of the decade, land rights became part of the political agenda and the first national council on AIDS was held in 1984.
A Royal Commission into Aboriginal deaths in custody was set up and Australia signed the Ozone Layer Treaty.
Compulsory school attendance was introduced but not for Aboriginal children who were encouraged to assimilate into the white culture but were not given rights.