Organizers of prostitution may be known as pimps (if male) and madams or Mama-san (if female).
More formally, one who is said to practice procuring is a procurer, or procuress.
A person who works in this field is called a prostitute, and is a kind of sex worker.
Prostitution is one of the branches of the sex industry: other branches include pornography, stripping, nude modelling, and erotic dancing.
For instance, in the book, The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield says of his brother ("D. According to Zohar and the Alphabet of Ben Sira, there were four angels of sacred prostitution, who mated with archangel Samael.