Researchers have debated the reasons for the change.
Some historians believe the decline in priestly power originated with a revolt by the Cherokee against the abuses of the priestly class known as the Ani-kutani.), Cherokee medicine men, after Sequoyah's creation of the Cherokee syllabary in the 1820s.
It closely resembled modern corn and produced larger crops.
The successful cultivation of corn surpluses allowed the rise of larger, more complex chiefdoms with several villages and concentrated populations during this period.
The Spanish recorded a Chalaque nation as living around the Keowee River where North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia meet.