Ever since the 2011 revolution, tourism (which provides about about 15% of employment in Egypt, so one-sixth of the population are reliant upon it) has taken a major hit.
Because of the downturn in tourism, expect more persistent and aggressive touts, but prices are lower and you can avoid the gigantic crowds that, at other periods, were typically overflowing the marvellous sites.
The government has struggled to prepare the economy for the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.
Egypt is largely a desert, an extension of the great Sahara that bands North Africa.
There is almost no rain in the Nile valley, so you won't need wet weather gear!