Sleeping Pad & Pillow: A closed-cell type foam pad (e.g., insolite or the accordion style by Z-Rest work well) is good to keep out the cold and to preserve the sleeping bag.
Shorter length pads can be purchased, or longer pads can be cut, to reduce the amount of bulk and weight (head to knee length is sufficient).
) Items you wear are not included in the above totals, nor is food weight (estimated at 1.5 to 2.0 pounds per day, per hiker) or water (which adds 3-7 pounds per hiker).
the three heaviest things are your backpack, tent, and sleeping bag, so if you want to save a lot of weight invest in these items.
Empty Gatorade bottles are lighter but don’t last as long.
Two flashlights with new batteries: Flashlights with two AA-cell alkaline batteries are good. The “coal miner’s” head mounted flashlight provides hands free use, but weighs more.
Self-inflating pads are not good for Scouts because they can be punctured.